1991 - 2000


Ferrara G. Lombardo B., Tonarini S., Turi B. 1991. Sr, Nd and O isotopic characterization of the Gophu La and Gumburanjun Ieucogranites (High Himalaya). Schweiz.mineraI.petrogr.Mitt., 71, 35-51.

Gaetani M, and Garzanti E. 1991. Multicyclic History of the Northern India Continental Margin (Northwestern Himalaya). AAPG Bulletin, 75,  1427-1446.

Lombardo B. 1991. In memory of Ugo Pognante. Ofioliti, 17, 177-181. Pognante U. 1991. The crystalline rocks of the Kun Lun - Karakorum.  In: Geodesy, Geophysics and Geology of the Upper Shaksgam valley (NE Karakomm and south Sinkiang). II Geodetic and Geophysical Report, Italian Expedition to Karakonum 1988. Ev-K2-CNR., Milano, 128-157.

Pognante U., Spencer D. A. 1991. First report of eclogites from the Himalayan belt, Kaghan Valley (northern Pakistan). European Journal of Mineralogy, 3 (3), 613-618.


Pognante U. 1992. Migmatites and leucogranite of Tertiary age from the High Himalayan Crystallines of Zanskar (NW India): a case history of anatexis of Palaezoic orthogneisses. Mineralogy and Petrology, 46, 291 -313.


Gaetani M., Jadoul F., Erba E., Garzanti E. 1993. Jurassic and Cretaceous orogenic events in the North Karakorum: age constraints from sedimentary rocks. In. Himalayan Tectonics (Ed. by Treloar P.J. & Searle M.P.). Geological Society of London, Special Publication 74: 39-52.

Gaetani M. & Leven E. Ya. 1993. Permian stratigraphy and fusulinids from Rosh Gol (Chitral, E Hindu Kush). Riv. It. Pal. Strat., 99/3, pp.307-326, Milano. 

Garzanti, E. 1993. Himalayan ironstones," superplumes," and the breakup of Gondwana. Geology, 21, 105-108

Lombardo B., Pertusati P., Borghi A. 1993. Geology and tectonomagmatic evolution of the easter Himalaya along the Chomolungma-Makalu transect. ln: Treloar P.J. & Searle M.P. (eds.) Himalayan Tectonics. Geological Society of London, Sp. Publ. 74, 341-355.

Pognante U. 1993. Different P-T-t paths and leucogranite occurrences along the High Himalayan Crystallines: implications for subduction and collision along the northern Indian margin. Geodinamica Acta, 6, 5-17.

Pognante U., Benna P., Le Fon P. 1993. High-pressure metamorphism in the High Himalayan Crystallines of the Stak valley, northeastern Nanda Parbat-Haramosh syntaxis, Pakistan Himalaya. In: Treloar P.J. & Searle M.P. (eds.) Himalayan Tectonlcs. Geological Society of London, Sp. Pull. 74, 161-172.

Zanchi, A. 1993. Structural evolution of the North Karakorum cover, North Pakistan. In. Himalayan Tectonics (Ed_. by Treloar, P.J. & Searlg M.P.). Geological Society of London, Special Publication 74: 21-38.


Angiolini L. & Rettori R. 1994. Chitralina undulate gen. n., sp. n. (Foraminiferida) from the Late Permian of Karakorum (Pakistan). Riv. It. Paleont. Strat., 100, 4: 477-492, Milano.

Critelli, S., Garzanti, E. 1994. Provenance of the lower Tertiary Murree redbeds (Hazara-Kashmir syntaxis, Pakistan) and initial rising of the Himalayas. Sedimentary Geology, 3, 265-284

Le Fort P., Tongiorgi M. Gaetani M. 1994. Discovery of a crystline basement and an Early Ordovioian marine transgression in the Karakorum mountain range, Pakistan. Geology, v. 22, p. 941-944, Boulder.

Tonarini S., Lombardo B., Ferrara G., Marcassa P. 1994. Partial melting in the Namche Migmatite of Khumbu Himal (Nepal Himalaya) . Mineralogica Petrographica Acta, 37 (Fornaseri Volume), 277-294.

Zanchi A. and Gaetani M 1994: Geological Map of the North Karakorum Terrain from the Chapursan valley to the Shimshal Pass.


Angiolini L. 1995. Permian Brachiopods from Karakorum: Part 1. Riv. It. Paleont. Strat., 101, 2: 165-214, Milano.

Gaetani M., Angiolini L., Garzanti E., Jadoul F., Leven E. Y., NicoracA., & Sciunnach D. 1995. Permian stratigraphy in the Northern Karakorum, Pakistan. Riv. It. Pal. Strat. 101, 2, 112-158.

Le Fort P., Lemennicier Y., Lombardo B., Pecher A., Pertusati P., Pognante U., & Rolfo F. 1995. Preliminary geological map and description of the Himalaya-Karakomm junction in Chogo Lungma to Turmik area (Baltistan, Northern Pakistan). J.NepaI GeoI.Soc., 11, special issue, 17-38.

Spencer D. A., Tonarini S., Pognante U. 1995. Geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic characterisation of higher Himalayan eclogites (and associated metabasites). European Journal of Mineralogy, 7, 89-102.


Angiolini L. 1996a. Permian Brachiopods from Karakorum: Part 2. Riv. It. Paleont. Strat, 102, 1: 3-26, Milano.

Angiolini L. 1996b. Permian brachiopods from Karakorum. Brachiopods, Cooper & Jin Eds. Proceed. Third Intern. Brachiopod Congress, pp. 13-17, Balkema Press.

Gaetani, M., Le Fort, P., Tanoli, S., Angiolini, L., Nicora, A. Sciunnach, & D. Asif, K. 1996. Reconnaissance geology in Chitral, Baroghil and Karambar districts (N Pakistan). Geol. Rundschau, 85, 683-704.

Garzanti, E., Critelli, S., Ingersoll, R.V. 1996. Paleogeographic and paleotectonic evolution of the Himalayan Range as reflected by detrital modes of Tertiary sandstones and modern sands (Indus transect, India and Pakistan). Geological Society of America Bulletin. 108, 631 642.

Lemennicier Y., LQ Fort P., Lombardo B., Peoher A., & Rolfo F. 1996. Tectonometamorphio evolution of the central Karakorum (Baltistan nonhero Pakistan). Tectonophysics, 26, 119-143.

Searle M. P., Asif Khan M., Qasim Jan M., DiPietro J.A., Pogue K. R., Pivnik D. A., Sercombe W. J., lzatt C. N., Blisniuk P. M., Treloar P.J., Gaetani M. & Zanchi A. 1996. Geological map of North Pakistan and adjacent areas of northern Ladakh and wested Tibet. Scale 1:650.000. Edited by Searle M. P. & Asif Khan M., Oxford University.

Villa I., M., Ruffini R., Rolfo F., & Lombardo B. 1996. Diachronous metamorphism of the Ladakh Terrain at the Karakoram - Nanda Parbat-Haramosh function (NW Baltistan, Pakistan). Schweiz. mineral. petrogr. Mm.,76, 245-264.

Zanchi A. and Gritti D. 1996. Multistage tectonic evolution of Hunza Karakorum (Pakistan). Tectonophysics, 260, 145-165.


Dehra Dun. Le Fort P. & Gaetani M. 1997. Introduction to the geological map of the wested Central Karakonum, North Pakistan. Hindu Raj, Ghamubar and Darkot regions. 1:250.000. Geologica, 3, pp. 3- 57. Geological Sun/ey Pakistan, Islamabad.

Gaetani M. 1997. The Karakorum Block in Central Asia, from Ordovician to Cretaceous. Sedimentary Geology, 109, 339-359.

Gaetani M.1997. The Karakorum Block in the Cimmerian Framework. Himalayan Geology, 18.

Garzanti, E., Sciunnach, D. 1997. Early Carboniferous onset of Gondwanian glaciation and Neo-tethyan rifting in South Tibet. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 148, 359-365

Rolfo F., Lombardo B., Compagnoni R., Le Fort P., Lemennicier Y. & Pechq A. 1997. Geology and metamorphism of the Ladakh Terrain and Shook Suture Zone in the ChogoLungma - Turmik area (northern Pakistan). Geodinamica Acta, 10, 251 -270.

Zanchi, A., Gaetani, M., Poli, S. 1997. The Rich Gol Metamorphic Complex: evidence of separator between Hindu Kush and Karakoram. Comptes Rendues de IAcademie des Sciences Paris la, 325, 877-882.


Carosi R., Lombardo B., Molli G., Musumeci G. & Pertusati P.C. 1998. The South Tibetan Detachment in the Rongbuk valley, Everest region. Deformation features and geological implications. Journal of Asian Earth Science, special issue (M. Gaetani & B. Windley Eds.), 16, 239-252.

Rolfo F. 1998. Tegtonometamorphic Evolution of collisional orogens: the example of North-West Himalaya (Northam Pakistan) and of Davie Shan (East-Central China) PhD thesis, Torino University, 157 pp.

Gaetani M. 1998. The Karakorum Block in the Cimmerian Framework. Himalayan Geology, 18, pp., Debra Dun.

Jadoul, F., Berra, F., Garzanti, E. 1998, The Tethys Himalayan passive margin from Late Triassic to Early Cretaceous (South Tibet). Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2, 173-194

Le Fort P. & Gaetani M. 1998. Introduction to the geological map of the western Central Karakoram, North Pakistan. Hindu Raj, Ghamubar and Darkot regions. 1:250.000. Geologica, 3, pp. 3- 57. Geological Sun/ey Pakistan, Islamabad.


Angiolini L., Brunton H., & Zanchi A. 1999. Late Carboniferous brachiopods from Karakorum, Pakistan. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 105, 3-22.

Carosi R., Lombardo B., Musumeci G. & Pertusati P.C. 1999. Geology of the Higher Himalayan Crystallines in Khumbu Himal (Eastern Nepal). Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 17, 785-803.

Carosi R., Musumeci G. & Pertusati P.C. 1999. Extensional tectonics in the Higher Himalayan Crystallines of Khumbu Himal, Eastern Nepal. In: Macfarlane A., Sorkhabi R & Quade J. (eds) "Himalaya and Tibet Mountains Tops". Geological Society of America Special Papers, 328, 21 1-223.

Garzanti, E. 1999. Stratigraphy and sedimentary history of the Nepal Tethys Himalaya passive margin. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 5, 805-827.

Talent J.A., Gaetani M., Mawson R., Molloy P.D. & Conaghan P.J. 1999. Early Ordovician and Devonian conodonts from the Western Karakorum and Hindu Kush, northwester Pakistan. Riv. It. Paleont. Strat., 105, 201-230.


Lombardo B., Rolfo F., & Compagnoni R. 2000. Glaucophane and barroisite eclogites from the Upper Kaghan Napped implications for the metamorphic history of the Northwestern Himalaya. In: Khan, MA., Treloar, P.J., Searle, M.P.8;~Jan, MQ. (eds) -Tectonics of the Nanda Parbat Syntaxis and of the Western Himalaya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 170, 411-430.

Lombardo B., & Rolfo F. 2000. Two contrasting eclogite types in the Himalayas: implications for the Himalayan orogeny. Journal of Geodynamics, 30, 1-2, 37-60.

Najman, Y and Garzanti., E. 2000. Reconstructing early Himalayan tectonic evolution and paleogeography from Tertiary foreland basin sedimentary rocks, northern India. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 112, 435-449.

Quintavalle M., Tongiorgi M. & Gaetani M. 2000. Lower to Middle Ordovician acritarchs and chitinozoans from Northam Karakonum Mountains, Pakistan. Riv. Ital. Paleont. Strut., 106, 3-18.

Zanchi A., Poli S., Fumagalli P. & Gaetani M. 2000. Mantle exhumation along the Tirich Mir Fault Zone, NW Pakistan: pre mid-Cretaceous accretion of the Karakoram terrane to the Asian margin. In : Khan M.A., Treloar P.J., Searle M.P. & Jan M.Q: (eds.). Tectonics of the Nanda Parbat Syntaxis anclthe Western Himalayas. Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Publ., 170, 232-252, London.